OK, to try and disentangle some of these questions and what seem to be confusions surrounding them, focusing on the part about the very notion of social class.
Originally Posted by Luís Henrique
The question whether classes exist, part of the philosophical problem, is best tackled in my opinion through a two part procedure. First, to point out that social class is a concept which doesn't denote an object, but that it is used to refer to the shared position in production which can be easily falsified (or more precisely, the claim of class position of specific groups can be falsified). This is obviously related to the second, empirical part - to actually point out that these and these people engage in production on a specific basis - as workers' or capitalists. This is a functional differentiation which can be observed easily. Any objection that runs along the lines of there are no classes only individuals with their aspiration is moot as it misses the point completely (for reasons that should be obvious to communists; this is not only an innocent mistake in reasoning).
This is why what you allege here, that there are philosophical problems with the notion of social class, seems really vague to me. For one thing, it seems that philosophical problems are brought forward and constructed within the broader aim and process of ideological legitimation. Maybe it would be best if you specified these philosophical problems.
And just to be clear, in this case I do use the term philosophical problem as implying that it is a false problem, or better yet, a pseudo-problem.
Last edited by Thirsty Crow; 23rd January 2014 at 15:52.
“The possibility of securing for every member of society, by means of socialized production, an existence not only fully sufficient materially, and becoming day by day more full, but an existence guaranteeing to all the free development and exercise of their physical and mental faculties – this possibility is now for the first time here, but it is here.” Friedrich Engels
"The proletariat is its struggle; and its struggles have to this day not led it beyond class society, but deeper into it." Friends of the Classless Society
"Your life is survived by your deeds" - Steve von Till